Hurricane Arthur first made its appearance and interrupted many holiday plans along the East Coast for the Fourth of July, and it began with a disturbance that came off of the coast of the Carolinas that then drifted southward towards the Bahamas. Arthur first became a tropical depression on June 30th off of the coast of Florida, and was the first named storm of the Atlantic hurricane season of 2014. This tropical storm reached hurricane strength on July 3rd, just off the coast of South Carolina.
This hurricane then tracked its way to the north-northeast and made landfall as a Category 2 hurricane, bringing along with it 100 mph winds, in parts of North Carolina. Hurricane Arthur has been the first hurricane to make landfall in the continental U.S since Hurricane Isaac in 2012. Also, this is the first hurricane of Category 2 or higher to make landfall in the lower 48 states since Hurricane Ike struck Texas in 2008. Hurricane Arthur also made landfall earlier on the calendar than any other known hurricane in North Carolina history!
After Arthur made its rounds and brushed parts of the mainland, the center then moved over to the northern Outer Banks region of North Carolina on the Fourth of July. The wind gusts as the hurricane made landfall was reported at 101 mph, and a 4.48 foot storm surge was also reported on the morning of July 4th, mainly from the sound side. Hurricane Arthur then made its approach towards New England in the late evening on July 4th, with its center of circulation moving 75 miles near Nantucket and Cape Cod.
Heavy torrential rains fell on parts of Bristol and Plymouth counties of Massachusetts as moisture from the hurricane interacted with a stopped frontal boundary. As much as 8 inches of rain fell in regions of Massachusetts in a small period of time. Also, wind damage was reported in Massachusetts as Arthur made a move for the Northeast. Winds as high as 71 mph were recorded at Machias Seal Island, Maine, on July 5th. Over 4 inches of rain, and uprooted trees, were reported in eastern Maine on July 5th due to Hurricane Arthur.
Arthur then weakened into a tropical storm on July 5th, and then to a post-tropical cyclone a couple of hours later in the same day as the storm continued to head northeast into Canada. Very heavy rain continued through portions of Maine as the storm moved on Saturday. Though Arthur was no longer at Hurricane status it was still a very strong storm that brought heavy rain and strong winds into the Atlantic Canada area. Winds reached 70 mph, and in many cities, the wind gusts were clocked at about 66 mph. According to the Canadian Hurricane Centre, Arthur made landfall in Canada as a strong post-tropical storm with winds of up to 7 mph.
For more updates on the tropical weather in your area, check out The Weather Channel or your local weather authority.